Arthroscopy is endoscopy of the joint. It is used in cases of chronic lameness, joint pain, joint instability, swelling and abnormal radiographic findings.
Bronchoscopy is endoscopy of the airways and lungs, to identify structural abnormalities, collect samples of abnormal airway secretions, identify and remove foreign bodies and biopsy lesions or masses.
Cystoscopy is endoscopy of the urinary bladder, used in patients presenting with chronic infections, trauma, stones and abnormal radiographs.
Gastrointestinal Endoscopy is the endoscopic exploration of the stomach and intestines. A partial list of indications includes chronic regurgitation, salivation, nausea, vomiting, blood in the stool, anorexia, diarrhoea, weight loss, fecal mucus and straining to defecate. It is most commonly used for obtaining biopsies and the removal of foreign bodies.
Gastropexy is a preventative surgery that can be performed laparoscopically on at-risk dogs to prevent the twisting of the stomach, which is fatal if not treated quickly. The stomach is sutured to the abdominal wall in order to prevent the stomach from twisting. Endoscopy eliminates the need to perform open surgery which requires an incision of 6″ to 12″. Gastropexy is often doneat the time of laparoscopic spay.
Laparoscopy is endoscopy of the abdominal cavity, used as a diagnostic tool for taking biopsies of the liver, kidney and pancreas. More complex laparoscopic surgeries being performed include adrenalectomy, gastropexy, hernia repair and spays.
Laparoscopic Spay is a technique for neutering female cats and dogs. Performed through one to three small incisions in the abdomen rather than a large incision. It offers a less painful, safer and faster healing alternative to traditional spays.
Otoscopy is endoscopy of the external and middle ear. It is one of the most common applications of endoscopy in veterinary medicine. Otoscopy allows for safe and thorough ear cleaning under constant visualization, removal of foreign objects, polyp removal and diagnostic sampling.
Rhinoscopy is endoscopy of the nasal cavity, commonly indicated in dogs and cats with chronic nasal discharge, nasal obstruction, chronic sneezing, nasal bleeding, facial distortion, nasal pain, acute severe sneezing, reverse sneezing and abnormal radiographs.
Vaginoscopy is the endoscopic examination of the vagina. Indications for vaginoscopy include vaginal discharge, bleeding or masses, trauma, incontinence, foreign body removal and straining to urinate. Reproductive indications include transcervical artificial insemination, difficulty in labour and monitoring of the estrous cycle.